What is a Stroke? Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

Treatment and rehabilitation from a stroke is an ongoing process. Other than the medical side, a good support network is vital. If you have both these things to call upon in the event of a stroke, then a return to normal life is more than a possibility.

What is a Stroke? Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

You experience a stroke when the blood supply to a part of your brain is cut off. This is mostly due to the arteries getting blocked as a result of the formation of blood clots. Because of this, the brain tissue is deprived of nutrients and oxygen, which causes brain cells to start dying within a few minutes.

It is important to recognize stroke symptoms early. Otherwise, there is a risk of permanent brain damage and even death. However, strokes can be prevented and treated quite effectively these days. Moreover, the number of deaths brought about by a stroke has gone down considerably in recent years.
So, let’s talk about different types of stroke, its symptoms, and treatment.

Types of Strokes

Strokes are of two major types

Ischemic Stroke
You can think of an ischemic stroke as being similar to a heart attack. The only difference is that it takes place in the blood vessels connected to the brain. Clots start to appear in the vessels connected directly to the brain or in some other part of the body. In the latter scenario, they then travel to the brain. These clots block the passage of blood to your brain cells, and they begin to die soon.

Extra deposits of cholesterol and fat in the body might also be a reason for the occurrence of an ischemic stroke. In general, around 80 percent of all strokes tend to be ischemic.

Hemorrhagic Stroke
A hemorrhagic stroke happens because of a blood vessel in the brain, either rupturing or breaking. As a consequence, excess blood seeps into the brain tissue and destroys a significant number of brain cells.
Common causes of hemorrhagic stroke include brain aneurysm (thinness or weakness within the blood vessel wall) and high blood pressure.

Symptoms or Signs of a Stroke

– Complete paralysis of 1 side of the body.
– Sudden loss or blurring of vision.
– Dizziness.
– confusion.
– difficulty understanding what others are saying.
– problems with balance and co-ordination.
– difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)

What To Do When You suspect Symptoms of a Stroke on Someone or Yourself?
You must immediately get in touch with emergency medical services if experiencing stroke symptoms. Prompt and timely treatment can not only help save your life but also enhance the chances of a full recovery.

Rehabilitation
Therapies and support groups play an important role in managing and mitigating the symptoms. The following are some effective stroke rehabilitation approaches.

Physical Therapy.
Staying active is important to prevent future attacks of a stroke. For this, physical therapy can help you relearn body coordination and movement. It won’t be easy initially, but you must keep at it.

Speech Therapy.
Speech therapy will help you speak better and easily understand what others are saying. Relaxation, lots of practice, and a change in communication style will certainly help.

Occupational Therapy.
Occupational therapy is meant to help you perform day-to-day activities like cooking, bathing, dressing, reading, writing, and eating with ease.

Support Groups.
The aftermath of a stroke may lead to mental health problems like anxiety and depression. Support groups can be a good outlet for such individuals where they can share their experiences with others who have faced similar adversity, and learn from them.

Treatment and rehabilitation from a stroke is an ongoing process. Other than the medical side, a good support network is vital. If you have both these things to call upon in the event of a stroke, then a return to normal life is more than a possibility.

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